Rock of Cashel

Carraig Phádraig
County Tipperary

On the outskirts of Cashel, an imposing monastery is enthroned on a mighty rock. This breathtaking scene of medieval cathedrals, towers and crosses provides one of those unforgettable sights – the Rock of Cashel.

Ireland’s national saint St. Patrick is said to have explained the Trinity on the rock with a cloverleaf. But if you believe the legend, the rock is a creation of the devil himself. He supposedly bit into a mountain north of Cashel and spat his bite further south into the flat country. The Rock of Cashel was created. The notch in the mountains, called Devil’s Bit Mountain, is clearly visible in a clear northern direction.

Long before the church buildings, which can be visited today, were erected, there was a royal residence on the rock. It was not until 1091 that the Rock of Cashel was given to the church as a bishop’s seat. Around 1127 the complex was extended by the small “Cormac’s Chapel”. Today it is the oldest church in the monastery complex. Richly decorated with ornaments and portraits of mythical creatures, it carries a remarkably intact stone roof over its cross vault. Only the 28-metre-high round tower, which is said to have been built around 1101, is older.

The large cathedral was built in the early 13th century. Inside are sarcophagi with remarkable ornaments. It was also here that Cashel’s blackest hour came when Murrough O’Brien, a follower of Oliver Cromwell, burned down the cathedral in 1647, while 3,000 people were celebrating a service there. The cathedral has never recovered from this devastating blow.

Cashel
Co. Tipperary
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